Export Products from India

India has emerged as a key exporting nation over the past few decades, leveraging its large manufacturing base, skilled workforce and cost competitiveness. Exporting products from India offers several unique advantages for companies looking to serve international markets.

#Important Takeaways
1India’s exports have grown steadily in recent years across sectors like textiles, gems, machinery
2Low-cost skilled labor, government incentives, and trade pacts boost competitiveness
3Selecting the right product, finding buyers, and documentation are key steps
4Managing shipping, payments, and export procedures is crucial for success
5Understanding compliance, offering competitive pricing, are vital for exports

Introduction to Exporting from India

India has seen tremendous growth in exports across various sectors. Some key facts:

  • India exported over $670 billion worth of products in 2021.
  • India’s exports have grown at an average rate of 5% over the past decade.
  • Top export sectors include petroleum, precious stones, vehicles, machinery, pharmaceuticals.

Driving India’s export growth are factors like:

  • Low Cost Skilled Labor – Abundant workforce with technical skills at competitive wages.
  • Government Incentives – Tax breaks, subsidies, export credits.
  • Geographic Access – Proximity to key Asian and Middle East markets.
  • Trade Agreements – Preferential access to markets like ASEAN, SAARC.

Check out this guide on customs clearance procedures in India.

Export Opportunities from India

Here are some of the major sectors with export potential from India:

Textiles and Garments

India is one of the largest exporters of textiles like cotton, silk and apparel like t-shirts, dresses, suits.

Key Advantages: Vast raw material availability, low cost skilled labor, expertise in embroidery and embellishments.

Gems and Jewelry

India is a major exporter of cut diamonds, gold jewelry, precious and semi-precious stones.

Key Advantages: Skilled craftsmen, high quality processing, competitive polishing and cutting.

Engineering Goods

Capital goods, machine tools, industrial machinery, automotive parts see growing exports.

Key Advantages: Technically skilled workforce, precision manufacturing capabilities, cost efficiencies.


Generic drugs, drug formulations, vaccines and biologicals are key exports.

Key Advantages: Strong R&D and chemists pool, compliant manufacturing infrastructure.

Agricultural Products

Rice, tea, spices, meat, fresh fruits, processed foods are exported.

Key Advantages: Favorable agro-climatic conditions, large cultivation areas.

Check out this guide on product quality assurance in India.

Export Products from India

Step-by-Step Process of Exporting from India

Exporting from India involves these key steps:

Selecting the Right Product

Conduct market research to identify products with demand overseas. Assess capabilities to manufacture competitively.

Finding Buyers

Connect with potential buyers through trade fairs, email campaigns, trade associations. Offer competitive pricing and terms.

Obtaining Export Registration and Documentation

Secure an Importer-Exporter Code (IEC), GST registration and other trade documents.

Arranging Product Shipment and Logistics

Pack products for export. Use freight forwarders to handle customs clearance and shipping via optimal mode.

Managing Export Payments and Bank Formalities

Receive payment through bank transfer, letter of credit or other instruments. Comply with export reporting norms.

This guide on India’s import and export policies provides more details.

Key Factors for Successful Exporting from India

Some tips for exporters in India include:

  • Understand Compliance – Follow import rules and standards in target markets.
  • Offer Competitive Pricing – Price optimally to account for costs and stay competitive.
  • Leverage Government Programs – Make use of export incentives and tax benefits.
  • Focus on Quality – Ensure international quality standards are met.
  • Mitigate Risks – Use payment safeguards and hedging to manage forex risks.

Check out this article on navigating risk assessment when exporting.

Exporting from India has huge growth potential driven by rising manufacturing capabilities and increasing cost competitiveness. With the right product-market fit, buyer connects and export management, companies can succeed in international markets.

Q1. What are the export financing options available in India?

Exporters can access pre-shipment and post-shipment finance from banks at preferential rates. EXIM Bank and ECGC also offer credit facilities, guarantees and insurance to exporters.

Q2. Does India have free trade agreements (FTAs) with other countries?

Yes, India has signed FTAs with trading blocs like ASEAN, SAARC and individual countries like South Korea, Japan, Malaysia etc. These provide preferential access for Indian exports.

Q3. What support do Indian exporters get from the government?

There are several government export promotion programs like tax benefits, incentives on shipping costs, R&D support. Organizations like APEDA, MPEDA also aid specific sectors.

Q4. How can an Indian company find buyers overseas?

Exporters can find buyers through trade directories, virtual B2B marketplaces, trade fairs and expos, embassy contacts and direct email outreach.

Q5. What are the key export documents needed?

The main export documents are commercial invoice, packing list, bill of lading/AWB, certificate of origin, inspection certificate, EUR1 certificate and customs invoice.