Chemicals Export from India

India has emerged as a leading exporter of chemicals across specialty chemicals, bulk drugs, agrochemicals and more. Chemical exports from India have seen steady growth driven by strengths in R&D, manufacturing and cost efficiencies.

#Key Takeaways
1India’s chemical industry size over $180 billion with expected further growth
2Leading chemical exports include dyes, drugs, petrochemicals and organic chemicals
3Leveraging competitive workforce, manufacturing expertise and cost optimization
4Opportunities in generics, specialty chemicals and commodities
5Quality, pricing, partnerships and service enable export success

Overview of the Chemical Industry in India

  • Industry size over $180 billion, expected to reach $300 billion by 2025
  • Over 80,000 chemical businesses, large players and SMEs
  • Key sub-sectors are petrochemicals, agrochemicals, specialty chemicals, pharmaceutical ingredients

Competitive advantages:

  • Skilled Workforce – Excellent chemists and engineers pool
  • Cost Efficiency – Competitive labor and construction costs
  • Policy Support – Government incentives for manufacturing and exports

Check out this guide on India’s import and export policies.

Major Chemicals Exported from India

Dyes, Pigments and Agrochemicals

India is a leading exporter of textile dyes, pigments and agrochemicals like pesticides.

Advantage – Strong R&D capabilities and process engineering skills.

Pharmaceutical Ingredients

Bulk drugs, drug intermediates, APIs see high demand globally.

Advantage – Advanced manufacturing infrastructure and quality compliance.


Polymers, synthetic fibers, plastics – leveraging oil refining capacities.

Advantage – Economies of scale and cost efficiency.

Inorganic Chemicals

Soda ash, ammonia, phosphates, minerals.

Advantage – Natural mineral availability and cost optimization.

Organic Chemicals

Alcohols, ketones, esters used in personal care and cosmetics.

Advantage – Process engineering expertise.

Check out this guide on Indian trade agreements.

Chemicals Export from India

Export Opportunities for Indian Chemical Companies

Generic Drugs and Drug Intermediates

Patent expiries and need for affordable medicines drive demand.

Specialty Chemicals

Customized formulations for industries like construction, textiles, automotive.

Commodity Chemicals

Economies of scale make large volume exports cost competitive.

This article covers quality control best practices in India.

Key Success Factors for Indian Chemical Exports

  • Stringent Quality Compliance – Meeting international safety and purity standards.
  • Competitive Pricing – Optimized costs and financing options.
  • Technical Expertise – Advanced R&D and process engineering capabilities.
  • Strategic Partnerships – Collaborations with global majors.
  • Customer Service – Responsive application support and tech assistance.

Check out this guide on logistics in India.

With continued policy support, cost efficiencies and growing expertise, chemical exports from India are poised for strong growth in coming years.

Q1. What are the export procedures and documentation required for chemicals?

Exporters need Import Export Code, DGFT registration and permissions. Key documents are invoice, packing list, COO, import permit from destination country. Special rules apply for hazardous chemicals.

Q2. Which are the major ports exporting chemicals from India?

Mumbai, Chennai, Kandla, JNPT handle large chemical export volumes given proximity to manufacturing hubs and connectivity.

Q3. How can SMEs in India’s chemical sector expand exports?

By focusing on custom formulations for buyers, partnering with trading companies, leveraging digital platforms for market connectivity and using government SME export promotion programs.

Q4. What challenges do Indian chemical companies face in logistics?

High freight costs, inadequate container availability during peak seasons, port and customs delays, complex handling requirements for hazardous cargo.

Q5. How can chemical companies enhance their sustainability and compliance?

By implementing greener chemistries, increasing renewable energy use, enabling effluent treatment, ensuring ESG compliance and adopting international standards like RC14001.